One of the most beautiful railways in the world can take you through Norway's breathtaking UNESCO-protected fjord and mountain scenery. The 20km train ride from Flåm travels through precipices and past huge waterfalls at a height of 866m at Myrdal, in Western Norway. It is even regarded as an engineering marvel because of its sheer steep gradient. The Flåm Railway was built in the 1920s and wasn't completed until 1940. 200 workers were required to work on the site each time to construct ten stations, 20 tunnels and a bridge without the heavy machinery that it used today. It took 150 hours to create just one metre of tunnel! Whilst it is only 20km in length, the trains travel up an impressive height of 863 metres from Myrdal to sea level at Flåm. To begin with, the route was mainly used for freight but now it has become one of Norway's top tourist attractions with 600,000 visitors each year.
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